The population of Belarus has a total number of 9,503,807 people. This is the result from the last population count in 2009, and the proximity to this number has been more or less kept. The population is divided in 83.7% Belarusians, who occupy most of the country. The other people living in Belarus are Russians, who account for 8.3%, Poles at 3.1% and Ukrainians with a percentage of 1.7. Of course, people of other ethnic groups are also present in the country, but their numbers are low in comparison. Belarus has two official languages: Russian and Belarusian. Although the country separated from the Soviet Union in 1991, the majority of the population speaks Russian as a mother tongue, 72% to be more exact. Belarusian is only spoken by a mere 11.9% of Belarusians and minorities speak in Polish, Ukrainian and Eastern Yiddish. Belarus demographics show that population density in the nation is around the value of 50 people per square kilometer, with most of it concentrated in urban areas. 70% of people live in cities like Minsk, which is home to more than 1,800,000 of them. Minsk is the capital of Belarus and, at the same tie, its largest city, which explains the high number of souls living there. Other big cities are Gomel, home to almost have a million people, Mogilev, Vitebsk and Hrodna, who add up another million. Demographics of Belarus show that the country has been experiencing a decrease in the population growth rate, which is common to many other European countries. Belarus demographic trends show a decrease in the population since World War II that managed to rise again until 1999, but since then it has seen a decrease with every year. The population is also aging, with 64% being between 14 and 64 years old, while 15% of people are 65 or older. It is believed that by the year 2050 the median age group will be over 55. Belarus average life expectancy of men is 63 and 74 for women.